Many children who have autism at the Asperger’s end of the spectrum and children who have Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) share the same symptoms, especially in the areas of communication, functioning in a social setting, and behavior. Common symptoms include issues with organization, sensory and attention problems. A doctor may diagnose a child with ADHD and later change the diagnosis to high-functioning autism/Asperger Syndrome or vice versa.
There are many types of interventions, including behavioral and developmental. Educationally-based interventions have a goal of improving the behavior of a child by dealing with social, cognitive and communication skills. Currently, known interventions do not cure autism or other special conditions, but they do improve the behavior and the symptoms.
Autism is a disorder of the human nervous system that occurs because of brain abnormalities. Scholars found out that the parts of the brain responsible for the processing of the emotions don’t develop in the brains of the autistic people in the same way they do in the brains of non-autistic people. Additional evidence suggests that some of the connections between different areas of the brain may also not connect when a person has autism. For example, one autistic person may be extra-sensitive to fluorescent lights while someone else may be getting sick because of a strong smell. All of this depends on what circuits connect in their brains in which ways.